MR2 Turbocharger Installation
These are just some notes on installing the stock turbocharger back
into the MR2. I start out by loosely bolting the turbo oil pipe
to the turbocharger (two 10mm bolts). The dump pipe (downpipe)
is not installed. If the turbocharger stay bracket was removed,
I would leave it off, and install it later, but if it was never removed
just leave it as is.
Place the turbocharger gently into the engine compartment under where the
exhaust manifold installs.
I then very loosely bolt the exhaust manifold to the head.
Then bolt the turbocharger to the exhaust manifold. I tighten the bolts
using a 14mm closed end wrench, but since the bolts have to be torqued to around
47ft-lbs, it is sort of a guessing game. I use another 15mm wrench and
connect the two (open end of 14mm into closed end of 15mm) to get more leverage.
If the turbocharger stay was removed, now is the time to install it. The
bolt to the turbocharger can be tightened (think it's 51ft-lb).
Attach the upper 12mm bolt very loosely to the block, to make sure that the
holes line up.
Since the exhaust manifold is very loosely installed, and the turbocharger
stay is loosely installed, it can be slightly moved around so as to get enough
clearance to install the dump pipe. You might want to remove the 12mm bolt
from the above picture to add just a touch more 'mobility' to the turbocharger. Installing
the dump pipe at this point involves some wiggling, but it will eventually go
onto the studs.
With the dump pipe still loose, go back underneath and install the upper 12mm
bolt to the turbocharger stay.
The dump pipe can then be torqued to the turbocharger. Four of the
six bolts can be easily gotten to with a standard socket wrench and torque wrench. The
bolt closest to the oil cooler (where the oil filter attaches), is tightened
with a closed end wrench. The lowest bolt can be gotten to using a universal
swivel joint socket. The swivel socket is shown in the following picture.
wrench combination used to tighten the bolt closest to the oil cooler:
The exhaust manifold can now be tightened and torqued to specification. First
picture shows the stud which was repaired using time
Back underneath, the turbocharger stay can now be bolted to the block. Again
the torque here has to be guesstimated since an open end wrench is used for the
top bolt. Do not make the mistake I did (2nd picture) where the catalytic
converter interfered with the dump pipe stud. I had to remove the bracket,
and re-install it.
Next up is the turbocharger oil bolt (union).
There are two washers that need to be replaced with this bolt. One
goes on top of the pipe connection and the other underneath. The one that
goes on top, can just be placed onto the bolt, but the one that goes underneath
the pipe must be placed there first. I used a magnet and screwdriver to
put the washer into place. The bolt is tightened with a 27mm socket and
a combination of swivel joint and extention(s).
Next up is the catalytic converter. Attach the converter to the dump
pipe via the three bolts and and two nuts, loosely. The right hand (driver's
side) bracket can then be attached to the converter with the single 14mm bolt. Once
this bolt is in place, the one bolt that was loosened or removed during removal
(that holds the bracket in place) can be tightened.
For the left bracket (passenger side), we go back up top to tighten the two
12mm bolts that hold the bracket to the block. Here, I use a swivel socket
to reach the bolts.
Back underneath, the left side (passenger side) bracket bolts to the converter
(14mm) can be installed.
Next up is the motor mount. The bracket with two bolt holes is installed
Then the next bracket with four bolt holes, and the through bolt (torqued
to 71ft-lbs), is installed.
Next up is the dump pipe heat shield and O2 sensor.
Then the turbo heat shield - and in my case also the EGT probes.
The clutch bolts that were loosened so that the motor mount could be easily
removed are now tightened - spec is a small 9ft-lbs.
The turbo water pipe can now be installed. I use a swivel joint and
10mm socket to install the two bolts to the turbocharger (along with a new gasket). The
12mm bolt attaches to the turbocharger close to the turbo inlet.
The water hoses can now be attached, along with the turbo air hoses to the
actuator. I use hose clamps from Home
Once that's done, install all the air hoses, side panels, and strut brace,
and go do some big smokey turbo burnouts!